மலேசியப் பெண் சிறுகதை எழுத்தாளர்களின் படைப்புகளில் பெண்ணியச் சிந்தனை (Feminist thoughts Portrayed by Malaysian Female Short Story Writers)
Keywords:Feminism, Gynocritic, Women's Dignity, Tamil Short Story, Nirmala Perumal
This study was conducted to identify and evaluate the thoughts of feminism in selected short stories among Indian women writers in Malaysia. Social, cultural, and economic aspects were analysed based on the gynocritic reading method. So, this research aimed to study women's struggle and dignity in Nirmala Perumal's short stories. This research described the image of women found at work and analysed women’s struggles in the short stories. It also evaluated the authorship of Nirmala Perumal to recognise the images of women and their positions in the Malaysian Indian social structure. This study applied four models of the gynocritic reading method known as the model of women's writing with women's biology, women's writing with women's language, women's writing with women's psychology and women's writing with women's culture. The research data were obtained from the selected short stories produced by Nirmala Perumal from the 1990s to 1996. The application of the gynocritic model was based on the social, cultural, and economic fields that were used to prove that the Indian women writers in Malaysia applied the aspects of women's biology, language, psychology and culture as the main foundation in the formation of their writing while unearthing the thoughts of feminism through their written work. These models were applied based on feminism in selected Tamil short stories among the Indian women writers in Malaysia. Moreover, the research data was collected through grounded and text analytical methods, which assisted the researcher in collecting and analysing the data. As a result of the detailed data analysis, the researcher found that women were always mistreated by men while ignoring female rights. This approach encouraged women to fight for their rights without neglecting their freedom of expression. The researcher hopes this study improves women’s lives and encourages them to be braver while provoking their self-confidence in going through the twists and turns of their life.